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JOHN WAYNE
(May 26, 1907 - June 11, 1979)

Western Star
Military Star

For a complete filmography, click HERE.

John Wayne was born Marion Robert Morrison in Winterset, Iowa, but his name was later changed to Marion Michael Morrison. At the age of six, his pharmacist father, Clyde L. Morrison, failing in health, moved the family to Southern California and became a homesteader with an 80-acre farm. Not long after, the family settled in Glendale, where Mr. Morrison opened a pharmacy. His store was in the same building as a theater, and young Marion, who rose at 4 A.M. to deliver newspapers and then, after school and football practice, delivered orders from the store, went to the movies four or five times a week, free.

Marion acquired his famous nickname "Duke" from his Glendale neighbors who started calling him "Big Duke," because he never went anywhere without his Airedale dog, who was Little Duke. He preferred "Duke" to "Marion", and the name stuck for the rest of his life.

Marion had hoped to attend the U.S. Naval Academy and was named as an alternate selection to Annapolis, but the first choice took the appointment. Instead, he accepted a full scholarship to play football at the University of Southern California under legendary coach Howard Jones.. An injury while swimming at the beach curtailed his athletic career, however; Wayne would later note that he was too terrified of Jones' reaction to reveal the actual cause of his injury. While there, Coach Jones, who often found summer jobs in the movie industry for his players, got Duke work in the summer of 1926 as an assistant prop man on the set of a movie directed by John Ford. His first starring role was in the movie The Big Trail. Raoul Walsh, the director, gave him the stage name "John Wayne", after Revolutionary War general "Mad Anthony" Wayne.

His friendship with Ford led them to work together on films which featured some of Wayne's most iconic roles. Beginning with three minor parts in 1928, Wayne would appear in over twenty of Ford's films in the next 35 years, including Stagecoach (1939), She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), The Quiet Man (1952), The Searchers (1956), The Wings of Eagles (1957), and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962).

JOHN WAYNE: AMERICAN MILITARY HERO

When World War 2 broke out, John Wayne tried to enlist but was rejected because of an old football injury to his shoulder, his age (34), and his status as a married father of four. He flew to Washington to plead that he be allowed to join the Navy but was turned down. So he poured himself into the war effort by making inspirational war films - among them The Fighting Seabees, Back to Bataan and They Were Expendable. To those back home and others around the world he became a symbol of the determined American fighting man..

Despite his prolific output John Wayne won only a single Best Actor Oscar, for the 1969 movie True Grit. He received a nomination for Best Actor in Sands of Iwo Jima, and another as the producer of Best Picture nominee The Alamo, which he also directed. His production company was called Batjac, an accidental misspelling of his character in Reap the Wild Wind. In 1973, he released a best-selling spoken word album, that was nominated for a Grammy, and re-released with similar success in 2001.

John Wayne died of lung cancer on June 11, 1979 in Newport Beach, California, and was interred in the Pacific View Memorial Park cemetery in Corona del Mar, Orange County, California. He was married three times; to Josephine Alicia Saenz, Esperanza Baur, and Pilar Palette. He had four children with Josephine and three with Pilar.

CONGRESSIONAL GOLD MEDAL

A Congressional Gold Medal was presented to John Wayne's family at the Capitol on March 6, 1980, the result of a bill presented to Congress by Wayne's friend Sen. Barry Goldwater.

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HIS MEMORY LIVES ON IN WAYS OTHER THAN MOVIES

The John Wayne Cancer Institute (JWCI) was formed in 1991 as an institute for cancer research and post-doctoral education. Prior to this date, the Institute was known as the John Wayne Cancer Clinic at the University of California, Los Angeles.It was named in memory of the late great actor, John Wayne, who was treated for stomach cancer at UCLA. After his death in 1979, the Wayne Foundation, headed by eldest son Michael, was determined to support this group of scientists and clinicians in their goal of curing this dreaded disease.

The John Wayne Cancer Institute depends on the generosity of our donors to fund our fight against cancer. Each donation is vital, whether it is given by a foundation, in a bequest, or dollar-by-dollar in a fundraising event. Click here to find out how you can help!

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For more information on "The Duke," visit these great websites:

Birthplace of John Wayne JWPlace
John Wayne: An American Treasure JWayne.com

GREAT JOHN WAYNE BIOGRAPHIES

John Wayne: American Legend DVD John Wayne: American Legend



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