the planet's 6th largest continent, includes (46) countries,
and a few dependencies, territories and regions.
is really not a continent, but part of the peninsula
of Euroasia, which includes all of Europe and Asia.
However, geographers refer to it as an individual continent.
is separated from Asia by Russia's Ural Mountains in
the east, and the Caspian and Black Seas in the southeast.
highest point is Mt. Elbrus in European Russia at 18,481
ft (5,633m), just north of the Georgia/Russian border.
lowest point is on the surface of the Caspian Sea, at
92 ft (28m) below sea level.
is approximately 3,837,081 sq. miles (9,938,000 sq.
km) which is about 6.7% of the earths land. The 2001
population of Europe was approximately 730,916,000.
and the Russian Federation are considered a part of
both Asia and Europe;
the early 1890's, French brothers Auguste and Louis
Lumiere developed their own projection invention. On
February 13, 1895, they patented their first projection
machine, and on March 28, 1895, their first film, Lunch
Hour at the Lumiere Factory was shown to the Societe
d'Encouragement de L'lndustrie Nationale. On December
28, 1895, in the Salon Indien of the Grand Cafe, 14
Boulevard des Capucines, the Lumieres presented the
first short film to be projected on a screen publicly
in front of an audience. The film was titled LArrivee
d'un Train en gare, and consisted of scenes of a train
arriving at a station.
movies were being shown in all major cities throughout
The European industry stayed one step ahead of the United
States in it's develpement until WWI destroyed the European
industry. The US film industry wasn't affected and actually
increased after the war. While the film industry of
each European country tried to re-establish itself after
each war, the US films filled the void, developing a
dominance. Some countries actually placed moritoriums
on the importing of US films trying to give their own
industries a chance to recuperate.
first acheivement award for a film by name was held
in1907 in Italy by the Lumiere Brothers. The Ambrosio
production of Giovanni Vitrotti's Il Cane Riconoscente
(It 07) was awarded a gold plaque.
first monetary International award was also by Ambrosio
Productions at the International Exhibition at Turin in
1912. The film was After Fifty Years (It 12) and
won the grand prize of 25,000 francs.
Kingdom - expanded site - www.BritishFilmPosters.co.uk